Guidelines for using heat and ice

Guidelines for using Heat and Ice

Hot Water Bottle
Guidelines for Using Heat
 
Heat is used therapeutically to increase circulation to the area on which it is applied. This increased blood flow baths the area in nutrient rich blood and flushes out toxins. It also helps to relax tense mucles and temporarily relieve pain. Moist heat is more effective than dry heat.
 
Heat is best used for chronic injuries that have no signs of inflammation or swelling. Never apply heat to an acute injury or a swollen area. If you have high blood pressure, do not apply heat to your torso as this can raise your blood pressure to dangerous levels.
 
- Have a layer of cloth between skin and heat source to avoid burning.
- The temperature should never be extreme.
- Apply heat to an area for no more than 15 to 20 minutes at a time.
- Never apply heat to an acute injury or area of swelling.
 
 
Guidelines for Using Ice
 
Cold therapy/ Ice is best used for acute injuries, inflammation, swelling and pain relief. Ice causes the blood vessels to vasoconstrict, which decreases blood flow to an area. An acute injury is a sprain, strain, contusion or other injury that has happened recently. Ice can also be used for chronic injuries and repetative strain injuries like tendonitis, joint pain, sore muscles, headaches and more.
 
-Have a layer of cloth between the ice and your skin to avoid skin damage and nerve damage.
-Apply for 10 to 15 minutes at a time. Let the area warm up completely before reapplying (30-45min).
-Use caution in areas where nerves are close to the skin surface; elbow, ankle, lateral knee. If you feel numbness or tingling farther down the nerve pathway (fingers & toes) remove the ice immediately to
avoid nerve damage

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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